It is necessary during pregnancy growing levels of vitamins and minerals involved in the expansion of the baby and among them are calcium, and necessary pillar for a healthy pregnancy and baby. As the World Health Organization notes, calcium supplementation reduces the risk of hypertension and preeclampsia during pregnancy. However, beware, because as if calcium inhibits the absorption of iron, calcium supplementation should not be recommended along with iron and folic acid during the day daily dose.
According to the guidelines for prevention of birth defects, the reduction in the risk of hypertension and preeclampsia during pregnancy is higher in women at high risk for hypertension and those with an initial low calcium intake. Also in women at high risk of hypertension, decrease preterm births. In addition, fewer infants are observed with birth weight.
However, there are more reasons to take calcium needed. Surely you have heard this tooth for every pregnancy” and although not a true statement, something about reality. The fetus needs calcium for strong bones and teeth, increasing bone density, as well as a heart, coagulation systems and healthy muscles. If the fetus does not get sufficient calcium, “gets” reserves the mother. In addition, this mineral is an essential part of bones and teeth for her.
Recommended calcium in pregnancy
The recommended daily calcium intake during pregnancy varies greatly according to the document inquire. According to WHO is 1200 mg / day, according to the Guidelines for the prevention of birth defects than 1300 mg / day, and other recommendations reduce the amount to 900 milligrams. What is clear is that we must increase the level of calcium in this stage, which might be enough to increase the daily diet with the equivalent of two glasses of milk or a glass and two yogurts (approximately) during the nine months gestation.
In addition, specifically in pregnant women in a low calcium intake (especially with low intake of milk) before or during pregnancy are estimated and in those with high risk of hypertension and preeclampsia, supplementation is recommended to meet the requirements proposed. Overall, it is sufficient to include calcium in our diet. What foods is calcium? Milk and dairy products are the main sources of calcium, although other foods with excellent contribution of this mineral are very effective for get the daily-recommended doses.
If we do not take sufficient milk, we know that the calcium concentration in cabbage, broccoli, soybeans and collards is very high. Nuts like hazelnuts, almonds, walnuts and peanuts also contain lots of calcium. Other vegetables are dried figs, beans, chickpeas, radishes and tofu. Canned sardines (with bones), anchovies, salmon with bones well cooked or canned, small anchovies eaten with spina also contain calcium. In short, maintaining appropriate nutrition becomes a key factor for maternal-fetal and wellness calcium is included among the minerals needed to achieve health in pregnancy.