Elisany da Cruz Silva is a towering six-foot-eight. In Brazil where she’s from, she’s head, shoulders, and torso above all other women and quite a number of men, including her partner. This one-of-a-kind model has a dangerous form of gigantism, which began with a pituitary gland problem.
There are numerous versions of this condition, and while they all come with issues (Silva is certainly going to need to be careful with her joints) they also can do something like this, and make you big and beautiful. You might have to get used to stares, however, which is something Elisany definitely had to deal with.
The Gene That Protects Against Malaria
Malaria is incredibly dangerous, but there are some people that are protected against it thanks to their genes. Blood disorders are never the best thing for people, but one gene-caused condition at least does a good thing.
Those that have one sickle gene and one normal hemoglobin gene are more protected against malaria. While that does mean they're carriers for sickle-cell disease, it also means they're safer in some ways. This reveal could help develop malaria treatments in the future, potentially saving millions of lives.
When you're out drinking with your friends, do you start to get a rosy hue after just one glass? Your genetics is to blame. Specifically, a mutation on the ALDH2 gene.
A certain defect interferes with the liver to convert an alcohol byproduct – acetaldehyde – into its next form. Instead, the acetaldehyde builds up in the blood and causes the capillaries to expand, increasing the blood flow and making you blush. That might not seem too bad, but acetaldehyde is a carcinogen, so tread with caution. One possible way to avoid the downsides is to reduce drinking.
Giving People the Bowie Eye
You might know the story about how famous rocker David Bowie had a permanently-enlarged pupil thanks to a teenage injury, but there are plenty of others who have such a condition, too. It's called anisocoria, and it affects up to twenty percent of the population.
Nine times out of ten, or even more often, it's perfectly harmless. Versions range from physiological anisocoria, which is the most common and results in a one-millimeter difference, to mechanical anisocoria or oculomotor nerve palsy, which are more visible, and can come with other issues. Migraines are also a known factor, though not for everybody.
Bridging the Gap
Diastema is a body feature you very well could have. It's the scientific term for having a gap between two teeth, most commonly the front incisors. It's most common in children, due to an imbalance between the size of the jaw and the teeth. There are plenty of other factors, however, including genetics, development, and luck.
If you have this feature, you're not alone. Actors and actresses, musicians and singers, athletes, comedians, and even professional wrestlers have sported the gap and gone on to fame and fortune. Even Geoffrey Chaucer wrote about the “gap-toothed wife of Bath” in his legendary book “The Canterbury Tales.”