The Gold Rush saw a mass exodus of native peoples leaving California. The state soon attracted much investment in federal projects in agriculture. As there were fewer Native Americans and Mexicans living in the area, the state soon saw a flux of Chinese immigrants into the state, where they would become field hands.
This photo taken in 1898 captures this moment in the past where we see four Chinese fields hands posing for this iconic shot. Without this photo, this moment would have faded into obscurity because soon afterward, Japanese immigrants were used instead of their Chinese counterparts.
Geronimo, Leader of the Chiricahua Apache
Here we have a picture of Geronimo. Actually, the Native American leader’s real name was Goyathlay, translating to “One Who Yawns.” While Geronimo is definitely one of the most famous Native Americans, many people don’t know about his tragic life. His mother, wife, and children were killed by Mexicans.
And after the Apache were moved from their homeland, they turned on their leader. Following the murder of his family, Geronimo rose to the rank of an Apache leader and became a fierce warrior. The sheer determination and ferocity of this chief are captured in this photo.
It is hard to imagine that this young man photographed here is actually one of the most infamous outlaws and bank robbers of the Old West. Robert LeRoy Parker, along with his accomplice, Harry Longabaugh (aka "The Sundance Kid"), would torment the southern US states.
Parker worked briefly at a Wyoming butchery, where he would earn the name “Butch.” In 1894, Butch Cassidy was imprisoned after his first bank robbery of a San Miguel Valley Bank. This photo is a memento that survived Butch Cassidy’s first arrest and time in prison.
Joe Black Fox
This is one of the lesser-known figures of the Old West. With his deeply serene gaze, we are looking into the eyes of Joe Black Fox, who was a Sioux chief. The word ‘Sioux’ might seem challenging to say, but it is much easier than its full name, Nadouessioux.
This impressive Native American tribe was composed of two divisions that lived in the Dakota Territory, Montana, Nebraska, and Minnesota. Little is known of this Sioux chief, but we know that he joined Buffalo Bill’s traveling shows. Like others, Joe Black Fox would tour the USA and Europe.
Jim Young With Tombstone
You might be surprised to find no gravestones in this photo or struggle to find Jim Young among this group of people. Tombstone is the name of the town. And Jim Young is the name of the African American man standing by the back of the stagecoach.
It might be a bit tricky to spot him among all the Tombstone residents. Taken in 1912, this photo shows how the townspeople accepted Young as one of their own. The former slave was asked to go on the trail of the Apache kid. Though he failed, Young became a Tombstone resident.